Nausea and gastric dysrhythmias occur in conditions associated with gastric distension. The roles of distal and proximal gastric mechanoreceptors in these responses are unexplored. Because antral distension induces vomiting in animals and antral and fundic vagal afferent discharges differ, we hypothesized that distal gastric distension in humans leads to greater symptomatic and dysrhythmic responses than proximal distension. Symptoms and electrogastrograms were recorded in healthy humans during distal and proximal gastric distension with a barostat. Distal but not proximal distension induced nausea and a 747 +/- 250% increase in dysrhythmic power (P < 0.05), responses not affected by granisetron, indomethacin, or atropine, agents that block dysrhythmias in other settings. In the distal stomach, bloating and pain developed at lower pressures (P < 0.05) not modified by granisetron, and compliance was significantly lower (P < 0.05). In conclusion, gastric mechanoreceptor activation in the less-compliant distal stomach produces nausea and dysrhythmias via non-5-hydroxytryptamine3 (5-HT3), non-prostaglandin-dependent, and noncholinergic pathways. Distal mechanoreceptor activation induces greater bloating and pain than proximal mechanoreceptor activation via 5-HT3-independent pathways.
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View details for PubMedID 9724252