Acute and chronic aortic dissections--determinants of long-term outcome for operative survivors. Circulation Haverich, A., Miller, D. C., Scott, W. C., Mitchell, R. S., Oyer, P. E., Stinson, E. B., Shumway, N. E. 1985; 72 (3): II22-34


A total of 135 survivors of surgical treatment of aortic dissection was followed for up to 15 years after surgery. Actuarial survival rates were 82 +/- 4% at 5 years and 64 +/- 6% at 10 years. There were no significant differences in long-term survival rates of patients in four subsets based on type and acuity of dissections. The incidence of late reoperation (dissection-related) was 13 +/- 4% at 5 years and 23 +/- 6% at 10 years; again, there was no significant difference among patients with different types or acuity of dissection. Multiple variables were investigated by multivariate discriminant analysis. Significant independent risk factors for late death included stroke, chronic renal dysfunction, remote myocardial infarction, and operation in the early years of this study. Younger age, site of intimal tear (arch), and cardiac tamponade portended a significantly higher likelihood of late reoperation. Except for stroke, no complication of the dissection or intraoperative factor significantly influenced late survival. Patients in whom the intimal tear was located in the aortic arch had the highest probability of late reoperation. Thus, dissection type, acuity, and distal extent, whether or not the tear was resected or concomitant aortic valve replacement performed, and a host of patient-related characteristics had no significant influence on the generally excellent long-term prognosis after surgical treatment. Indefinite surveillance of the remaining natural aorta is imperative (with reoperation when indicated) to attain such results.

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