The degree of variability in the rate of early diffusion-weighted imaging expansion in acute stroke has not been well characterized.We hypothesized that patients with slowly expanding diffusion-weighted imaging lesions would have more penumbral salvage and better clinical outcomes following endovascular reperfusion than patients with rapidly expanding diffusion-weighted imaging lesions.In the first part of this substudy of DEFUSE 2, growth curves were constructed for patients with >90% reperfusion and <10% reperfusion. Next, the initial growth rate was determined in all patients with a clearly established time of symptom onset, assuming a lesion volume of 0?ml just prior to symptom onset. Patients who achieved reperfusion (>50% reduction in perfusion-weighted imaging after endovascular therapy) were categorized into tertiles according to their initial diffusion-weighted imaging growth rates. For each tertile, penumbral salvage [comparison of final volume to the volume of perfusion-weighted imaging (Tmax?>?6?s)/diffusion-weighted imaging mismatch prior to endovascular therapy], favorable clinical response (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale improvement of =8 points or 0-1 at 30 days), and good functional outcome (90-day modified Rankin score of =2) were calculated. A multivariate model assessed whether infarct growth rates were an independent predictor of clinical outcomes.Sixty-five patients were eligible for this study; the median initial growth rate was 3·1?ml/h (interquartile range 0·7-10·7). Target mismatch patients (n?=?42) had initial growth rates that were significantly slower than the growth rates in malignant profile (n?=?9 patients, P?
View details for DOI 10.1111/ijs.12436
View details for Web of Science ID 000356718000025
View details for PubMedID 25580662
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4478123