Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) Score Predicts Response to Platinum-Containing Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer. Clinical cancer research Telli, M. L., Timms, K. M., Reid, J., Hennessy, B., Mills, G. B., Jensen, K. C., Szallasi, Z., Barry, W. T., Winer, E. P., Tung, N. M., Isakoff, S. J., Ryan, P. D., Greene-Colozzi, A., Gutin, A., Sangale, Z., Iliev, D., Neff, C., Abkevich, V., Jones, J. T., Lanchbury, J. S., Hartman, A., Garber, J. E., Ford, J. M., Silver, D. P., Richardson, A. L. 2016; 22 (15): 3764-3773


BRCA1/2 mutated and some sporadic triple negative breast cancers (TNBCs) have DNA repair defects and are sensitive to DNA-damaging therapeutics. Recently, three independent DNA-based measures of genomic instability were developed based on loss of heterozygosity (LOH), telomeric allelic imbalance (TAI), and large-scale state transitions (LST).We assessed a combined homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) score, an unweighted sum of LOH, TAI, and LST scores, in three neoadjuvant TNBC trials of platinum-containing therapy. We then tested the association of HR deficiency, defined as HRD score {greater than or equal to}42 or BRCA1/2 mutation, with response to platinum-based therapy.In a trial of neoadjuvant platinum, gemcitabine, and iniparib, HR deficiency predicted Residual Cancer Burden score of 0 or 1 (RCB 0/1) and pathologic complete response (pCR) (OR=4.96, p=0.0036; OR=6.52, p=0.0058). HR deficiency remained a significant predictor of RCB 0/1 when adjusted for clinical variables (OR=5.86, p=0.012). In two other trials of neoadjuvant cisplatin therapy, HR deficiency predicted RCB 0/1 and pCR (OR=10.18, p=0.0011; OR=17.00, p=0.0066). In a multivariable model of RCB 0/1, HR deficiency retained significance when clinical variables were included (OR=12.08, p=0.0017). When restricted to BRCA1/2 non-mutated tumors, response was higher in patients with high HRD scores: RCB 0/1 p=0.062, pCR p=0.063 in the neoadjuvant platinum, gemcitabine, and iniparib trial; RCB 0/1 p=0.0039, pCR p=0.018 in the neoadjuvant cisplatin trials.HR deficiency identifies TNBC tumors, including BRCA1/2 non-mutated tumors more likely to respond to platinum-containing therapy.

View details for DOI 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-2477

View details for PubMedID 26957554