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Hypoperfusion Ratio predicts infarct growth during transfer for thrombectomy. Annals of neurology Guenego, A., Mlynash, M., Christensen, S., Kemp, S., Heit, J. J., Lansberg, M. G., Albers, G. W. 2018


We hypothesized that automated assessment of collaterals on computed-tomography (CT) perfusion can predict the rate of infarct growth during transfer from a primary to a comprehensive stroke center for endovascular stroke treatment. We identified consecutive patients (N=28) and assessed their collaterals based on the hypoperfusion intensity ratio (HIR) prior to transfer. Infarct growth rate was strongly correlated with HIR (r= 0.78, p<0.001). ROC analysis identified an HIR of =0.5 as optimal for predicting infarct growth. Patients with HIR = 0.5 had a median infarct growth rate of 10.1 mL/h (IQR: 6.4-18.4) compared with 0.9 mL/h (IQR: 0-2.8), p< 0.001) in patients with a HIR < 0.5. Patients with an HIR above = 0.5 had an 83% probability of significant core growth, whereas patients with HIR <0.5 had an 88% probability of core stability. These preliminary data have the potential to guide decision making regarding whether repeat brain imaging should be performed after transfer to a comprehensive stroke center. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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