PURPOSE: Among patients with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to large-vessel-occlusion, the hypoperfusion-intensity-ratio (HIR, TMax>10 volume / TMax>6 volume) is a strong predictor of infarct growth. We studied the correlation between HIR and collaterals assessed with digital-subtraction-angiography (DSA) before thrombectomy.METHODS: Between January 2014 and March 2018, consecutive patients with an AIS and a M1 middle-cerebral-artery occlusion who underwent perfusion imaging and endovascular treatment at our center were screened. Ischemic core (mL), HIR and perfusion mismatch (TMax>6sec minus core volume) were assessed through MRI or CT perfusion. Collaterals were assessed on pre-intervention DSA using the American-Society of Interventional and Therapeutic-Neuroradiology/Society of Interventional-Radiology (ASITN/SIR) scale. Baseline clinical and perfusion characteristics were compared between patients with good (ASITN/SIR 3-4) and those with poor (ASITN/SIR 0-2) DSA collaterals. Correlation between HIR and ASITN/SIR was evaluated using Pearson's correlation. ROC analysis was performed to determine the optimal HIR threshold for the prediction of good DSA collaterals.RESULTS: Ninety-eight patients were included. 49% (48/98) had good DSA collaterals, those patients had significantly smaller hypoperfusion volumes (TMax >6sec 89mL versus 125mL; p=0.007) and perfusion mismatch volumes (72mL versus 89mL; p=0.016). HIR was significantly correlated with DSA collaterals (-0.327 [IC 95%: -0.494 to -0.138; p=0.01]). A HIR cut-off of <0.4 best predicted good DSA collaterals with an odds ratio of 4.3 (1.8-10.1) (Sensitivity=0.792, Specificity=0.560, AUC=0.708).CONCLUSION: HIR is a robust indicator of angiographic collaterals and might be used as a surrogate of collateral assessment in patients undergoing MRI. HIR<0.4 best predicted good DSA collaterals.
View details for DOI 10.1111/ene.14181
View details for PubMedID 32068938