BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contrast-enhanced noninvasive angiography and perfusion imaging are recommended to identify eligible patients for endovascular therapy (EVT) in extended time windows (>6 hours or wake-up). If eligible, additional intraarterial contrast exposure will occur during EVT. We aimed to study the renal safety in the DEFUSE 3 (Endovascular Therapy Following Imaging Evaluation for Ischemic Stroke) population, selected with contrast-enhanced multimodal Imaging and randomized to EVT versus medical management.METHODS: In the randomized DEFUSE 3 trial population, we compared changes in serum creatinine between baseline (before randomization) and 24 hours later. The primary outcome was the relative change in creatinine level between baseline and 24 hours in the EVT versus medical arm. The secondary outcome was a comparison between computed tomography (CT) versus magnetic resonance imaging selection in the EVT arm. The safety outcome was a comparison of the proportion of patients with criteria for contrast-associated kidney injury in the EVT versus medical arm and a comparison between CT versus magnetic resonance imaging selection in the EVT arm.RESULTS: In the DEFUSE 3 population (n=182, age 69±13, 51% female), mean creatinine decreased from a baseline of 0.98±0.33 mg/dL to 0.88±0.28 mg/dL at 24 hours (P<0.001). There was no difference in change between treatment groups: relative to baseline, there was a 6.3% reduction in the EVT group versus 9.2% in the medical group, P=0.294. Absolute decrease -0.08±0.18 in EVT versus -0.12±0.18 in medical, P=0.135; Among patients treated with EVT, there was no difference in 24-hour creatinine level changes between patients who were selected with CT angiography/CT perfusion (-0.08±0.18) versus magnetic resonance imaging (-0.07±0.19), P=0.808 or 6.8% reduction versus 4.8%, P=0.696. In the EVT arm, contrast-associated kidney injury was encountered in 4 out of 91 (4.4%) versus 2/90 (2.2%) in the medical arm P=0.682. In the EVT arm, contrast-associated kidney injury was evenly distributed between magnetic resonance imaging (1/22, 4.6%) versus CT 3 out of 69 (4.4%), P=1.0.CONCLUSIONS: Perfusion imaging before EVT was not associated with evidence of decline in renal function.REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02586415.
View details for DOI 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030816
View details for PubMedID 33250038