Characterization of the consensus mucosal microbiome of colorectal cancer. NAR cancer Zhao, L., Grimes, S. M., Greer, S. U., Kubit, M., Lee, H., Nadauld, L. D., Ji, H. P. 1800; 3 (4): zcab049


Dysbioisis is an imbalance of an organ's microbiome and plays a role in colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Characterizing the bacteria in the microenvironment of a cancer through genome sequencing has advantages compared to culture-based profiling. However, there are notable technical and analytical challenges in characterizing universal features of tumor microbiomes. Colorectal tumors demonstrate microbiome variation among different studies and across individual patients. To address these issues, we conducted a computational study to determine a consensus microbiome for colorectal cancer, analyzing 924 tumors from eight independent RNA-Seq data sets. A standardized meta-transcriptomic analysis pipeline was established with quality control metrics. Microbiome profiles across different cohorts were compared and recurrently altered microbial shifts specific to colorectal cancer were determined. We identified cancer-specific set of 114 microbial species associated with tumors that were found among all investigated studies. Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria were among the four most abundant phyla for the colorectal cancer microbiome. Member species of Clostridia were depleted and Fusobacterium nucleatum was one of the most enriched bacterial species in tumors. Associations between the consensus species and specific immune cell types were noted. Our results are available as a web data resource for other researchers to explore (

View details for DOI 10.1093/narcan/zcab049

View details for PubMedID 34988460