The Human Pangenome Project: a global resource to map genomic diversity. Nature Wang, T., Antonacci-Fulton, L., Howe, K., Lawson, H. A., Lucas, J. K., Phillippy, A. M., Popejoy, A. B., Asri, M., Carson, C., Chaisson, M. J., Chang, X., Cook-Deegan, R., Felsenfeld, A. L., Fulton, R. S., Garrison, E. P., Garrison, N. A., Graves-Lindsay, T. A., Ji, H., Kenny, E. E., Koenig, B. A., Li, D., Marschall, T., McMichael, J. F., Novak, A. M., Purushotham, D., Schneider, V. A., Schultz, B. I., Smith, M. W., Sofia, H. J., Weissman, T., Flicek, P., Li, H., Miga, K. H., Paten, B., Jarvis, E. D., Hall, I. M., Eichler, E. E., Haussler, D., Human Pangenome Reference Consortium 2022; 604 (7906): 437-446


The human reference genome is the most widely used resource in human genetics and is due for a major update. Its current structure is a linear composite of merged haplotypes from more than 20 people, with a single individual comprising most of the sequence. It contains biases and errors within a framework that does not represent global human genomic variation. A high-quality reference with global representation of common variants, including single-nucleotide variants, structural variants and functional elements, is needed. The Human Pangenome Reference Consortium aims to create a more sophisticated and complete human reference genome with a graph-based, telomere-to-telomere representation of global genomic diversity. Here we leverage innovations in technology, study design and global partnerships with the goalof constructing the highest-possible quality human pangenome reference. Our goal is toimprove data representation and streamline analyses to enable routine assembly of complete diploid genomes. With attention to ethical frameworks, the human pangenome reference will contain a more accurate and diverse representation of global genomic variation, improve gene-disease association studies across populations, expand the scope of genomics research to the most repetitive and polymorphic regions of the genome, and serve as the ultimate genetic resource for future biomedical research and precision medicine.

View details for DOI 10.1038/s41586-022-04601-8

View details for PubMedID 35444317