Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) often occurs after hospitalization in medically ill patients, but the population benefit-risk of extended thromboprophylaxis remains uncertain. Methods and Results The MARINER (Medically Ill Patient Assessment of Rivaroxaban Versus Placebo in Reducing Post-Discharge Venous Thrombo-Embolism Risk) study (NCT02111564) was a randomized double-blind trial that compared thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban 10mg daily versus placebo for 45days after hospital discharge in medically ill patients with a creatinine clearance =50mL/min. The benefit-risk balance in this population was quantified by calculating the between-treatment rate differences in efficacy and safety end points per 10000 patients treated. Clinical characteristics of the study population were consistent with a hospitalized medical population at risk for VTE. Treating 10000 patients with rivaroxaban resulted in 32.5 fewer symptomatic VTE and VTE-related deaths but was associated with 8 additional major bleeding events. The treatment benefit was driven by the prevention of nonfatal symptomatic VTE (26 fewer events). There was no between-treatment difference in the composite of critical site or fatal bleeding. Conclusions Extending thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban for 45days after hospitalization provides a positive benefit-risk balance in medically ill patients at risk for VTE who are not at high risk for bleeding. Registration URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/; Unique identifier: NCT02111564.
View details for DOI 10.1161/JAHA.122.026229
View details for PubMedID 36205248