BACKGROUND: Circadian variability has been implicated in timing of stroke onset, yet the full impact of underlying biological rhythms on acute stroke perfusion patterns is not known. We aimed to describe the relationship between time of stroke onset and perfusion profiles in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO).METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted using prospective registries of four stroke centers across North America and Europe with systematic use of perfusion imaging in clinical care. Included patients had stroke due to ICA, M1 or M2 occlusion and baseline perfusion imaging performed within 24h from last-seen-well (LSW). Stroke onset was divided into eight hour intervals: (1) Night: 23:00-6:59, (2) Day: 7:00-14:59, (3) Evening: 15:00-22:59. Core volume was estimated on CT perfusion (rCBF <30%) or DWI-MRI (ADC <620) and the collateral circulation was estimated with the Hypoperfusion Intensity Ratio (HIR=[Tmax>10s]/[Tmax>6s]). Non-parametric testing was conducted using SPSS to account for the non-normalized dependent variables.RESULTS: A total of 1506 cases were included (median age 74.9 years, IQR 63.0-84.0). Median NIHSS, core volumes, and HIR were 14.0 (IQR 8.0-20.0), 13.0mL (IQR 0.0-42.0), and 0.4 (IQR 0.2-0.6) respectively. Most strokes occurred during the Day (n=666, 44.2%), compared to Night (n=360, 23.9%), and Evening (n=480, 31.9%). HIR was highest, indicating worse collaterals, in the Evening compared to the other timepoints (p=0.006). Controlling for age and time to imaging, Evening strokes had significantly higher HIR compared to Day (p=0.013).CONCLUSION: Our retrospective analysis suggests that HIR is significantly higher in the evening, indicating poorer collateral activation which may lead to larger core volumes in these patients.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2023.107172
View details for PubMedID 37196564