The GAstric Precancerous Conditions Study

Trial ID or NCT#



recruiting iconRECRUITING


Gastric cancer afflicts 27,000 Americans annually and carries a dismal prognosis. One reason for poor outcomes is late diagnosis, as the majority of gastric cancers in the United States are diagnosed at a relatively advanced stage where curative resection is unlikely. Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is a precancerous change of the stomach which increases risk for subsequent gastric cancer multiple-fold. The Gastric Precancerous Conditions Study (GAPS) is an observational study with two over-arching objectives: 1) improve the non-invasive identification of patients with GIM, and 2) develop biological markers to predict the subset of GIM which will progress onto gastric cancer. To achieve Aim 1, a case-control study (N=300 pairs) matching cases of GIM with age-/gender-matched controls will be recruited form the population of subjects undergoing clinically-indicated endoscopy. Determination of gastric pathology will be made by two, independent gastrointestinal pathologists. At time of endoscopy, a detailed clinical questionnaire is administered by face-to-face interview. Saliva and blood is collected prior to endoscopy. At time of endoscopy, protocoled clinical biopsies (per Revised Sydney Protocol) as well as additional research specimens are collected. Scoring of GIM will be performed based on the Operative Link for GIM scoring system. To achieve Aim 2, patients with histologically-confirmed GIM (N=300) will be followed longitudinally. Biennial endoscopic surveillance will be performed, with repeat biopsies, specimen collection, and histologic scoring. Progression of GIM will be defined as upstaging of GIM score, or development of either dysplasia or carcinoma on any biopsy.

Official Title

The GAstric Precancerous Conditions Study

Eligibility Criteria

Ages Eligible for Study: 35 Years to 84 Years
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Inclusion Criteria:
  1. Subjects between the ages of 35 and 84, who are undergoing outpatient endoscopy for the following indications are eligible: abdominal pain, dyspepsia, iron deficiency anemia, Helicobacter assessment, surveillance of suspected or known intestinal metaplasia, evaluation for family history of gastric cancer
Exclusion Criteria:
  1. - Cannot give consent - Have history of gastric surgery - Have history of solid tumor or bone marrow transplant - Platelet Count < 70 or international normalized ratio > 1.5


Joo Ha Hwang, MD, PhD
Gastroenterologist, Therapeutic endoscopy specialist, Large colon polyp specialist, Gastrointestinal surgeon, Endoscopic ultrasound specialist, Biliary specialist
Professor of Medicine (Gastroenterology and Hepatology) and, by courtesy, of Surgery
Robert Huang
Assistant Professor of Medicine (Gastroenterology and Hepatology)

Contact us to find out if this trial is right for you.


Robert J Huang, MD